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The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences

The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
The Official Journal of the American Neuropsychiatric Association

Edited by Stuart C. Yudofsky, M.D.
Edited by David B. Arciniegas, M.D., and Robert E. Hales, M.D., M.B.A.
ISBN 0895-0172
Item #JNP

As the official Journal of the American Neuropsychiatric Association, the society of psychiatrists working at the interface between neuroscience and behavioral disorders, The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences is dedicated to advancing effective diagnosis and treatment options for patients with neuropsychiatric disorders. The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences publishes peer-reviewed articles addressing critical research areas such as Alzheimer's disease, traumatic brain injury, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, and seizure disorders, and is devoted to reporting discoveries in clinical neuroscience that are relevant to understanding the brain-based disorders of patients. The journal features original articles, concisely written clinical and research reports, perspectives on emerging trends in the field, and classic pieces from the field's rich history. Each issue commences with the latest from the outstanding signature section "Windows to the Brain."

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New articles on JNCN in Advance!

Neuroanatomical Mechanism on the Effect of Distraction in Working Memory Maintenance in Patients With Schizophrenia
Functional MRI was used to discriminate brain activation patterns associated with the effect of distraction during working memory (WM) maintenance in schizophrenia. Compared with healthy control subjects, schizophrenia patients showed significantly decreased activities in the superior frontal gyrus, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, inferior parietal gyrus, and fusiform gyrus during the delayed-response WM task with human face distracters.

Negative Attention Bias and Processing Deficits During the Cognitive Reappraisal of Unpleasant Emotions in HIV+ Women
Deficits in emotional processing may be attributed to HIV disease or comorbid psychiatric disorders. Electrocortical markers of emotional attention, i.e., amplitude of the P2 and late positive potential (LPP), were compared between 26 HIV+ women and 25 healthy controls during an emotional regulation paradigm.

Pituitary Volume in Medication-Naïve Adults With Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Pituitary volume is considered to reflect hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysregulation, and this has been studied in various psychiatric disorders. This study demonstrates that pituitary volume as assessed through the region of interest manual tracing method in 50 medication-naïve adult patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder was not significantly different compared with 40 healthy control subjects.

Editorial Board

Stuart C. Yudofsky, M.D.

Deputy Editors
David B. Arciniegas, M.D.
Robert E. Hales, M.D., M.B.A.

Assistant to the Editors
T. Angelita Garcia, M.B.A.

Consulting Editors
Floyd Bloom, M.D.
Edward G. Jones, M.D., Ph.D.
Eric R. Kandel, M.D.
Henry Nasrallah, M.D.
Solomon H. Snyder, M.D.

Associate Editors
Nancy C. Andreasen, M.D., Ph.D.
Nashaat N. Boutros, M.D.
C. Edward Coff ey, M.D.
Joseph T. Coyle, M.D.
Jeff rey L. Cummings, M.D.
Michael Ebert, M.D.
Dwight L. Evans, M.D.
Robert C. Green, M.D.
Edward C. Lauterbach, M.D.
Thomas W. McAllister, M.D.
John M. Morihisa, M.D.
Charles Nemeroff , M.D., Ph.D.
Thomas C. Neylan, M.D.
Trevor R. P. Price, M.D.
Robert G. Robinson, M.D.
Stephen Salloway, M.D., M.S.
Randolph B. Schiff er, M.D.
Jonathan M. Silver, M.D.
Robert Stern, Ph.D.
Paula T. Trzepacz, M.D.
Daniel R. Weinberger, M.D.

Neuropsychiatric Practice and Opinion Editor
Fred Ovsiew, M.D.

Neuropsychiatry Classics Editor
Thomas C. Neylan, M.D.

Book Review Editor
Paula T. Trzepacz, M.D.

Windows to the Brain Editors
Robin A. Hurley, M.D.
L. Anne Hayman, M.D.
Katherine H. Taber, Ph.D.

Research and Statistical Design Consultants
Douglas Mossman, M.D.
Eugene Somoza, M.D., Ph.D.

Stuart C. Yudofsky, M.D., is the D.C. and Irene Ellwood Professor and Chairman of the Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences of Baylor College of Medicine, Adjunct Professor with MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Chairman of the Psychiatry Department of The Methodist Hospital. He is also responsible for oversight of academic activities in psychiatry at the Menninger Clinic the Ben Taub General Hospital and the Texas Children's Hospital.

David B. Arciniegas, M.D., is the Beth K. and Stuart C. Yudofsky Chair in Brain Injury Medicine, Executive Director of the Beth K. and Stuart C. Yudofsky Division of Neuropsychiatry in the Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and Professor of Psychiatry, Neurology, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation at Baylor College of Medicine. He also is Senior Scientist and Medical Director for Brain Injury Research at TIRR Memorial Hermann.

Robert E. Hales, M.D., M.B.A., is the Joe P. Tupin Chair of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Interim Director of the M.I.N.D. Institute at the University of California, Davis School of Medicine in Sacramento, California.