A mood, or affective, disorder, occurs when a particular emotion is extreme or persistent enough to interfere with daily life. The two types of mood disorders that are generally recognized are depression and mania. Depression, or major depressive disorder (MDD), is a serious medical illness characterized by deep feelings of sadness and loss of interest or pleasure in activities. Other symptoms of depression include the inability to concentrate or make decisions, fatigue or loss of energy, sleep disturbances, and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide. Treatment of depression is based on a thorough diagnostic evaluation by a mental health professional and can include medication and psychotherapy.
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a mood disorder that can take the form of one or more manic episodes or alternating periods of mania and depression. During the manic phase, a bipolar individual may exhibit signs of grandiosity, hyperactivity, or extreme agitation. The bipolar patient may show poor judgment, jump from subject to subject, or be unable to sleep or sit still for very long. During the depressive phase, bipolar individuals are lethargic and often sleep more than usual. They may also be irritable and withdrawn.
Essential Resources for Mood Disorders
American Psychiatric Publishing (APPI), a division of the American Psychiatric Association, publishes textbooks and educational resources to help mental health professionals accurately diagnose and effectively treat mood disorders in children and adults.
||Clinical Guide to Depression and Bipolar Disorder: Findings From the Collaborative Depression Study builds on research from the influential NIMH Collaborative Depression Study (CDS) to provide clinicians with information they can use to assess, diagnose, treat, and understand how their patients will likely fare over the course of their illness.|
FOCUS Major Depressive Disorder Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Workbook is designed to be a “one stop” resource to meet MOC requirements. The workbook aims to help psychiatrists assess their strengths and weaknesses in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with major depressive disorder, evaluate their knowledge and clinical skills, initiate a program of quality improvement, and advance their assessment, communication, diagnostic, and treatment skills.
||American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Suicide Assessment and Management, Second Edition, is a comprehensive guide to evaluating and treating patients at risk for suicide, with new chapters on suicide prevention, suicide in the military, and cyberbullying.|
View a complete list of publications related to mood disorders.